surplus


surplus
I. surplus sur‧plus 1 [ˈsɜːpləs ǁ ˈsɜːr-] noun
1. [countable, uncountable] ECONOMICS an amount of something that is more than what is wanted, needed, or used:

• Sugar prices fell after revised estimates of the surplus for the current crop year.

surplus of

• There is a current housing surplus of approximately 500,000 properties.

ˈbudget ˌsurplus [countable] ECONOMICS
when spending, usually by a government, is less than the amount of money received in taxes or other income during a particular period:

• The government, which is running a healthy budget surplus (= is spending much less than it is receiving ) , must spend billions of dollars to build apartments, roads, and other infrastructure.

ˈcapital ˌsurplus
1. [countable] ECONOMICS FINANCE when a company or country has more money for investment than it needs:

• It makes financial sense to borrow in capital surplus countries and lend to countries where capital is relatively scarce.

2. [countable] INSURANCE the difference between the amount of money received by insurers from customers paying for policies, and the amount paid out for claims:

• They must report a $70 million capital surplus next year or face closure by state regulators.

conˈsumer ˌsurplus also ˈbuyers' ˌsurplus
[uncountable] ECONOMICS the amount of money someone is willing to pay for something, minus the amount they actually paid for it:

• If you would be willing to spend £2,000 on a holiday, and paid £1,200, you would be obtaining £800 of consumer surplus.

2. [countable, uncountable] FINANCE in mutual S (= insurance companies etc that do not have shareholders) the profit for a particular period of time, or from several periods of time, that has not been paid out to members:

• The life insurance company had capital and surplus totaling $459.2 million.

3. [countable] FINANCE in insurance companies and pension fund S, the amount by which the money held is more than they have to pay out in claims or pensions:

• The steelworks pensioners joined the fight to get a share of a £300 million British Steel pension surplus.

4. [countable] also balance of payments surplus or external surplus ECONOMICS the amount by which the money coming into a country is more than the money going out in a particular period of time:

• A country that has a balance of payments surplus may receive payment from the debtor's foreign exchange reserves.

ˈtrade ˌsurplus also ˌbalance of ˈtrade ˌsurplus [countable, uncountable] ECONOMICS
a surplus related to imports and exports, rather than other payments:

• We must rebuild manufacturing so as to generate a balance of trade surplus.

trade surplus with

• China has enjoyed a trade surplus with Japan.

  [m0] II. surplus surplus 2 adjective
more than is needed or wanted:

• Many businesses relocated, surplus space having become available because of the recession.

• Those employees will become surplus, and costly to retain.

* * *

   The difference occurring when income or revenue is greater than expenditure. Opposite of deficit.
   ► See also Deficit.

* * *

Ⅰ.
surplus UK US /ˈsɜːpləs/ noun [C or U]
an amount that is more than is needed: a surplus of sth »

The plant had a surplus of components.

ACCOUNTING, ECONOMICS the amount of money that you have left when you sell more than you buy, or spend less than you receive: »

The savings will create a surplus of a little more than $24 million.

»

The overall gap continues to reflect a deficit in the trade of goods and a surplus in services.

Compare DEFICIT(Cf. ↑deficit)
in surplus — Cf. in surplus
See also BUDGET SURPLUS(Cf. ↑budget surplus), BUYER'S SURPLUS(Cf. ↑buyer's surplus), CONSUMER SURPLUS(Cf. ↑consumer surplus), STRUCTURAL SURPLUS(Cf. ↑structural surplus), TRADE SURPLUS(Cf. ↑trade surplus)
Ⅱ.
surplus UK US /ˈsɜːpləs/ adjective
more than is needed or used: »

As the economy slowed, companies that had invested surplus funds in the stock market found their returns dwindling.

»

The form of the payout of surplus cash to investors will be revealed in May.


Financial and business terms. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • surplus — [ syrply ] n. m. • v. 1090; de sur et plus 1 ♦ Ce qui excède la quantité voulue. ⇒ excédent, excès, reste. Le surplus d une somme d argent. En surplus. ⇒ supplément. ♢ Écon. Excédent de l offre par rapport à la demande, conduisant à une baisse… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • surplus — sur·plus / sər ˌpləs/ n 1 a: an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied b: an excess of receipts over disbursements c: the value of assets after subtracting liabilities 2: an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value …   Law dictionary

  • Surplus — may refer to:* budget surplus, the opposite of a budget deficit * in economics, economic surplus (including producer surplus and consumer surplus), and capital surplus * an excess of production or supply over demand (see supply and demand) *… …   Wikipedia

  • surplus — SURPLÚS, surplusuri, s.n. Ceea ce este în plus, ceea ce depăşeşte necesarul; prisos, excedent. – Din fr. surplus. Trimis de ionel, 29.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  SURPLÚS s. excedent, plus, prisos, prisosinţă, (reg.) radăş, (înv.) prisoseală,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Surplus — Sur plus, a. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words. [1913 Webster] When the price of corn falleth, men give over surplus tillage, and break no more ground. Carew. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surplus — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. surplus, from M.L. superplus excess, surplus, from L. super over SUPER (Cf. super) + plus more (see PLUS (Cf. plus)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • surplus — Surplus, Ce qui reste, Quod superest, Superfluum. Le surplus ou surcroist qu on baille d avantage outre la mesure, Corollarium, Additamentum, Auctarium. Au surplus, Ad haec, Praeterea, Insuper …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • surplus — / sə:pləs/, it. /sur plus/ s. ingl. [dal fr. surplus sovrappiù ], usato in ital. al masch. 1. (econ.) a. [differenza positiva tra entrate e uscite] ▶◀ attivo, avanzo, plusvalenza, utile. ◀▶ passivo, perdita. b. [ciò che è in più] ▶◀ avanzo,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • surplus — n *excess, superfluity, surplusage, overplus Analogous words: *remainder, residue, residuum Antonyms: deficiency surplus adj *superfluous, supernumerary, extra, spare Contrasted words: *needful …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • surplus — [adj] extra de trop, excess, in excess, leftover, odd*, over, remaining, spare, superfluent, superfluous, supernumerary, too much, unused; concepts 560,781,824 Ant. essential, lacking, necessary, needing, wanting surplus [n] extra material… …   New thesaurus

  • surplus — [sʉr′plus΄, sʉr′pləs] n. [ME < OFr < sur , above (see SUR 1) + L plus, more (see PLUS)] 1. a quantity or amount over and above what is needed or used; something left over; excess 2. a) the excess of the assets of a business over its… …   English World dictionary


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